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(Perl: Lesson 3)

{ Learning about IF/ELSE Statements }

Section 0. Background Information
  1. What is Perl
    • Perl is a high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming language. Perl was originally developed by Larry Wall in 1987 as a general-purpose Unix scripting language to make report processing easier.  Since then, it has undergone many changes and revisions and become widely popular amongst programmers. Larry Wall continues to oversee development of the core language, and its upcoming version, Perl 6. Perl borrows features from other programming languages including C, shell scripting (sh), AWK, and sed.  The language provides powerful text processing facilities without the arbitrary data length limits of many contemporary Unix tools, facilitating easy manipulation of text files. Perl gained widespread popularity in the late 1990s as a CGI scripting language, in part due to its parsing abilities.
  2. Getting Perl
    • For the purposes of these perl lesson, I will be using a perl package that comes standard on Backtrack, Ubuntu and most flavors of Linux and Unix.
    • However, if you are using Windows, instead of a Linux, Unix or MAC operating system, you still have options.  
  3. Pre-Requisite  
  4. Lab Notes
    • In this lab we will do the following:
      1. We will download an IF/ELSE program.
      2. We will create a program that takes in standard input and analyzes it with IF/ELSE statements.
  5. Legal Disclaimer
    • As a condition of your use of this Web site, you warrant to that you will not use this Web site for any purpose that is unlawful or that is prohibited by these terms, conditions, and notices.
    • In accordance with UCC § 2-316, this product is provided with "no warranties, either express or implied." The information contained is provided "as-is", with "no guarantee of merchantability."
    • In addition, this is a teaching website that does not condone malicious behavior of any kind.
    • Your are on notice, that continuing and/or using this lab outside your "own" test environment is considered malicious and is against the law.
    • © 2013 No content replication of any kind is allowed without express written permission.
Section 1. Login to BackTrack
  1. Start Up VMWare Player
    • Instructions:
      1. Click the Start Button
      2. Type Vmplayer in the search box
      3. Click on Vmplayer


  2. Open a Virtual Machine
    • Instructions:
      1. Click on Open a Virtual Machine


  3. Open the BackTrack5R1 VM
    • Instructions:
      1. Navigate to where the BackTrack5R1 VM is located
      2. Click on on the BackTrack5R1 VM
      3. Click on the Open Button


  4. Edit the BackTrack5R1 VM
    • Instructions:
      1. Select BackTrack5R1 VM
      2. Click Edit virtual machine settings


  5. Edit Virtual Machine Settings
    • Instructions:
      1. Click on Network Adapter
      2. Click on the Bridged Radio button
      3. Click on the OK Button


  6. Play the BackTrack5R1 VM
    • Instructions:
      1. Click on the BackTrack5R1 VM
      2. Click on Play virtual machine


  7. Login to BackTrack
    • Instructions:
      1. Login: root
      2. Password: toor or <whatever you changed it to>.


  8. Bring up the GNOME
    • Instructions:
      1. Type startx


Section 2. Bring up a console terminal
  1. Start up a terminal window
    • Instructions:
      1. Click on the Terminal Window


  2. Obtain the IP Address
    • Instructions:
      1. ifconfig -a
    • Note(FYI):
      • My IP address
      • In your case, it will probably be different.


Section 3. Download
  1. Become the student user and make a directory
    • Instructions:
      1. su - student
      2. mkdir -p perl_lessons
      3. cd perl_lessons


  2. Create perl script
    • Instructions:
      1. wget
      2. ls -l


  3. Creating your script
    • Instructions:
      1. chmod 700
      2. ./


  4. Analyze the Script
    • Note(FYI):
      1. The program contains 4 different IF Statement.
      2. Read the code line by line, and understand how each IF Statement functions.
      3. Once you feel confortable, move on to the proof of lab section.


Section 5. Proof of Lab
  1. Project
    • Instructions:
      1. Write a program called
      2. The program should ask you a question
        • e.g., print "Enter a number: ";
      3. The program should assign variable $i to standard input
        • i.e., chomp(my $i = <stdin>);
      4. The program should contain a Multi IF/ELSE statement that performs the following tests
        1. If $i is less than 2
        2. If $i is less OR equal to 5
        3. if $i is greater than 5


  2. Proof of Lab
    • Instructions
      1. chmod 700
      2. ./
        • Enter 1
      3. ./
        • Enter 4
      4. ./
        • Enter 6
      5. date
      6. echo "Your Name"
        • Put in your actual name in place of "Your Name"
        • e.g., echo "John Gray"
      7. Do a PrtScn, Paste into a word document, and upload to Moodle.
    • Proof Of Lab Instructions:
      1. Press the PrtScn key
      2. Paste into a word document
      3. Upload to Moodle

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